Kidney Failure Prevention
Renal failure treatment is primarily
preventing and treating its effects. Prevention is the primary
mediation, then treatment as required. Renal failure is a medical
condition in which the kidneys fail to adequately filter waste products
from the blood. There are two main forms of renal failure. First form
is acute kidney injury, which maybe reversible with adequate treatment.
The second form is chronic kidney disease, which is often not
There are numerous causes of kidney failure, and treatment
of the underlying disease may be the first step in correcting the
kidney abnormality. The diagnosis of kidney failure usually is made by
blood tests measuring BUN, creatinine, and glomerular filtration rate.
GFR is the rate at which blood is filtered in the glomeruli of the
kidney. This is detected by a decrease in or absence of urine
production or determination of waste products (creatinine or urea) in
can vary from person to person. Someone in early stage kidney disease
may not feel sick or notice symptoms as they occur. When kidneys fail
to filter properly, waste accumulates in the blood and the body, a
condition called azotemia. Low levels of azotaemia may not produce any
symptoms. If the disease progresses, symptoms may become noticeable.
Renal failure accompanied by noticeable symptoms is termed uraemia.
High levels of urea in the blood, which can result in symptoms of :
Vomiting or Diarrhea, Nausea, Weight loss, Nocturnal urination, More
frequent urination, or in greater amounts than usual, less frequent
urination, or in smaller amounts than usual, with dark coloured urine,
Blood in the urine, Pressure, or difficulty urinating, Unusual amounts
of urination, usually in large quantities
When diseased kidneys can no longer adequitly filter out phosphates
several possible symptoms may occur :
Itching, Bone damage, Nonunion in broken bones, Muscle cramps (caused
by low levels of calcium which can be associated with hyperphosphatemia)
When diseased kidneys can no longer adequitly filter out potassium in
the blood possible symptoms of abnormal heart rythms or muscle
paralysis may occur. When kidneys fail to remove excess fluid swelling
of face, ankles, legs and hands may occur.
Healthy kidneys produce the hormone erythropoietin that stimulates the
bone marrow to make oxygen-carrying red blood cells. As the kidneys
fail, they produce less erythropoietin, resulting in decreased
production of red blood cells to replace the natural breakdown of old
red blood cells. As a result, the blood carries less hemoglobin, a
condition known as anemia. Anemia symptoms may include: Feeling tired
or weak, Memory problems, Difficulty concentrating, Dizziness, Low
Treatment of the underlying cause of kidney failure may return kidney
function to normal. Lifelong efforts to control blood pressure and
diabetes may be the best way to prevent chronic kidney disease and its
progression to kidney failure. Usually, kidney function gradually
decreases over time. Treatment for acute kidney failure involves
identifying the illness or injury that originally damaged your kidneys.
Your treatment options will depend on what's causing your kidney
failure. If the kidneys fail completely, the only treatment options
available may be dialysis or transplant.
Dietary intervention is necessary with deterioration of renal function
and includes careful regulation of your protein intake, fluid intake to
balance fluid losses, sodium intake to balance sodium losses and some
restriction of potassium. At the same time, adequate caloric intake and
vitamin supplementation must be ensured.
The allowed protein intake that you consume must be of high biologic
value (dairy products, eggs, meats). High biologic value proteins means
those that are complete proteins and supply the essential amino acids
necessary for growth and cell repair. There are many kidney disease
diet out there that can also help you identify foods which are of high
The fluid allowance is usually around 500 mL
more than the previous
day’s 24- hour urine output. Calories are supplied by
carbohydrates and fat to prevent wasting. Vitamin supplementation is
necessary because a protein-restricted diet does not provide the
necessary complement of vitamins. A patient on dialysis may lose
water-soluble vitamins from the blood during the dialysis treatment.
Vitamin and mineral supplement may not be necessary but may be given to
individuals on reduced calorie diets .
There is not one specific diabetic diet that will suit anyone
individual specifically and the special need of a person with diabetes.
The diet for an individual with diabetes should be based on an
individual assessment with specific treatment goals in mind.
Dietary modifications are the key to preventing or managing kidney
failure. There are many different methods and options to be found on
information provided in this website is not intended to replace proper
medical assessment and treatment. If you are experiencing any symptoms,
discomfort or pain please see your doctor immediately. ***