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Kidney Failure Prevention

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Renal failure treatment is primarily based on preventing and treating its effects. Prevention is the primary mediation, then treatment as required. Renal failure is a medical condition in which the kidneys fail to adequately filter waste products from the blood. There are two main forms of renal failure. First form is acute kidney injury, which maybe reversible with adequate treatment. The second form is chronic kidney disease, which is often not reversible. There are numerous causes of kidney failure, and treatment of the underlying disease may be the first step in correcting the kidney abnormality. The diagnosis of kidney failure usually is made by blood tests measuring BUN, creatinine, and glomerular filtration rate. GFR is the rate at which blood is filtered in the glomeruli of the kidney. This is detected by a decrease in or absence of urine production or determination of waste products (creatinine or urea) in the blood.


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Symptoms can vary from person to person. Someone in early stage kidney disease may not feel sick or notice symptoms as they occur. When kidneys fail to filter properly, waste accumulates in the blood and the body, a condition called azotemia. Low levels of azotaemia may not produce any symptoms. If the disease progresses, symptoms may become noticeable. Renal failure accompanied by noticeable symptoms is termed uraemia.

High levels of urea in the blood, which can result in symptoms of : Vomiting or Diarrhea, Nausea, Weight loss, Nocturnal urination, More frequent urination, or in greater amounts than usual, less frequent urination, or in smaller amounts than usual, with dark coloured urine, Blood in the urine, Pressure, or difficulty urinating, Unusual amounts of urination, usually in large quantities

When diseased kidneys can no longer adequitly filter out phosphates several possible symptoms may occur :
Itching, Bone damage, Nonunion in broken bones, Muscle cramps (caused by low levels of calcium which can be associated with hyperphosphatemia)

When diseased kidneys can no longer adequitly filter out potassium in the blood possible symptoms of abnormal heart rythms or muscle paralysis may occur. When kidneys fail to remove excess fluid swelling of face, ankles, legs and hands may occur.

Healthy kidneys produce the hormone erythropoietin that stimulates the bone marrow to make oxygen-carrying red blood cells. As the kidneys fail, they produce less erythropoietin, resulting in decreased production of red blood cells to replace the natural breakdown of old red blood cells. As a result, the blood carries less hemoglobin, a condition known as anemia. Anemia symptoms may include: Feeling tired or weak, Memory problems, Difficulty concentrating, Dizziness, Low blood pressure

Treatment of the underlying cause of kidney failure may return kidney function to normal. Lifelong efforts to control blood pressure and diabetes may be the best way to prevent chronic kidney disease and its progression to kidney failure. Usually, kidney function gradually decreases over time. Treatment for acute kidney failure involves identifying the illness or injury that originally damaged your kidneys. Your treatment options will depend on what's causing your kidney failure. If the kidneys fail completely, the only treatment options available may be dialysis or transplant.

Dietary intervention is necessary with deterioration of renal function and includes careful regulation of your protein intake, fluid intake to balance fluid losses, sodium intake to balance sodium losses and some restriction of potassium. At the same time, adequate caloric intake and vitamin supplementation must be ensured.

The allowed protein intake that you consume must be of high biologic value (dairy products, eggs, meats). High biologic value proteins means those that are complete proteins and supply the essential amino acids necessary for growth and cell repair. There are many kidney disease diet out there that can also help you identify foods which are of high biologic value.

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The fluid allowance is usually around 500 mL more than the previous day’s 24- hour urine output. Calories are supplied by carbohydrates and fat to prevent wasting. Vitamin supplementation is necessary because a protein-restricted diet does not provide the necessary complement of vitamins. A patient on dialysis may lose water-soluble vitamins from the blood during the dialysis treatment.

Vitamin and mineral supplement may not be necessary but may be given to individuals on reduced calorie diets .

There is not one specific diabetic diet that will suit anyone individual specifically and the special need of a person with diabetes. The diet for an individual with diabetes should be based on an individual assessment with specific treatment goals in mind.

Dietary modifications are the key to preventing or managing kidney failure. There are many different methods and options to be found on the internet.

*** The information provided in this website is not intended to replace proper medical assessment and treatment. If you are experiencing any symptoms, discomfort or pain please see your doctor immediately. ***
Other Kidney Resources

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